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Significant Increase in Foreign Skilled Workers in STEM Professions in Germany

A recent study conducted by the German Economic Institute has revealed a remarkable increase in the number of foreign skilled workers in technical and scientific professions in Germany.

Significant Increase in Foreign Skilled Workers in STEM Professions in Germany

According to the study, the number of foreign employees working in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) jobs reached 202,000 in 2022, marking a substantial growth of approximately 190 percent since 2012. During the same period, the proportion of foreign nationals occupying positions in STEM fields surged from 6.5 percent to 12.7 percent.

The study underscores the vital role of foreign skilled workers in STEM fields in contributing to Germany's economy. While a significant number of these professionals hail from European countries, others from India, the United States, and China have also emerged as important sources of foreign talent. Notably, the number of employees from non-EU countries increased from 30,300 to 122,000 within the 2012-2022 timeframe, with the largest surge observed among Indian workers.

The economic impact of foreign skilled workers in STEM professions is substantial. The study estimates that at least 132,000 additional foreign employees in these fields contribute around 16 billion euros annually to Germany's value creation.

The study further highlights the preferred settlement locations for foreign skilled workers. Major German cities like Munich, Frankfurt, and Berlin attract a significant number of professionals in STEM jobs. These cities offer enhanced opportunities for career advancement and networking, making them attractive choices for foreign workers.

Foreign skilled workers in STEM fields play a pivotal role in addressing labor shortages that Germany has faced in recent years. Despite their contributions, challenges remain. One significant hurdle is the language barrier, prompting various German companies to offer language learning courses and intercultural training to assist foreign employees in overcoming this obstacle.

Another challenge lies in the recognition of foreign qualifications and degrees. To address this concern, Germany is taking steps to facilitate the migration rules for skilled workers. The Skilled Immigration Act is set to enter into force, providing skilled workers from other countries with the opportunity to live and work in Germany with fewer restrictions than before.

The findings of the study highlight the growing importance of foreign skilled workers in STEM fields to Germany's economy and the steps being taken to address both their contributions and challenges in the country.



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